Scalloped Tongue Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

You know, it is important to care for the health of your own body. Many small health issues can lead to bigger illnesses after all. Having to care for any small issue will make you more self-aware of your own health. However, there is no need for you to be so worrywart about it.

Speaking about minor health issues, have you ever had scalloped tongue before? Whether you have ever had it or not, it won’t hurt to learn scalloped tongue causes, symptoms, and treatment. Let’s get down to it then.

What Scalloped Tongue Is to Be Aware Of


When discussing certain health issue, it is always best to start from its definition, right? Well, we are sure that you should have been able to know it more or less.

Just as the name suggests, scalloped tongue is the wavy or rippled indentations along the sides of the tongue. It goes by various names, like wavy tongue, pie crust tongue, crenated tongue, or lingua indentata. They all refer to the same health issue nevertheless.

Just because your tongue becomes wavy, it does not necessarily feel hurt.

That is why this health issue is considered a minor one. Rarely, people feel the pain from the notches of that affected tongue. You will only feel uncomfortable at most. If you do feel the pain though, it might be caused by the underlying condition of the ripples.

Still, the lining side near the tongue is possible to look red or be sensitive to the touch, especially if you put quite an amount of pressure to it. While it might not sound dangerous at all, learning it will make us knowledgeable enough to the causes, signs, and treatment of wavy tongue.

While there is no sign that leads it to serious health issues, scalloped tongue can indeed be accompanied with inflammations or burning sensation. It does become swollen, inflamed, and enlarged after all. Even though it is just a minor problem, it does not mean that you can just leave it alone.

We are sure that you are not going to keep it up since it must be quite uncomfortable. Also, it would be good to know why it can happen. That way, you might really be able to deal with the causes before the scalloped tongue happens.

What Causes the Scalloped Tongue to Happen


There are actually many possible causes of scalloped tongue, you see. Of course, you will need to know about them so that you can deal with them to prevent scalloped tongue from happening to you. The causes range from the simple to more serious ones.

You might never know that what you have been feeling is the cause of wavy tongue without learning about them, right? So, give us the chance to list them all out here. Then, we can see how the tongue can be scalloped to begin with.

  1. Dehydration

In this discussion of scalloped tongue causes, symptoms, and treatment, we will say clearly to you that dehydration can be the cause of this health problem. How can it be so? Well, it has been a common knowledge that dehydration can lead swelling to happen in your body.

To be exact, the swelling can happen in just any part of your body. As you might have guessed, it includes your tongue as well. So, don’t take dehydration lightly. To begin with, getting not enough water for your body can influence your health after all.

  1. Stress or Anxiety

Other cause of scalloped tongue would be stress of anxiety. Have you ever noticed? Whenever you feel stress or anxious, you will most likely have the habit of grinding your teeth or pressing your tongue against them. While it does not matter in a short period of time, it does in a long term.

Over the time, your teeth will surely leave indentations and make what we call scalloped tongue. In fact, many oral symptoms are caused by high levels of stress or anxiety. That is why it might just be the cause behind that wavy tongue of yours.

  1. Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea can also be what causing scalloped tongue health issue to happen. Sleep apnea is when you have the difficulty in breathing while sleeping. During your sleep, you might open the airway by pushing your tongue down subconsciously.

While you might be able to breathe easier that way, it actually leads to the scalloped tongue issue we are talking about here. Surely, normal sleep won’t make such thing happen, right? Since pushing tongue down is something that we do without fully aware of it, this is quite problematic, indeed.

  1. Amyloidosis

This is more serious cause coming from this health issue. Amyloidosis is what we refer to the buildup of proteins in our organs and soft tissues. Of course, it is even possible in the tongue or mouth. Because of that accumulation of protein, swelling or inflammation might happen.

One thing leads to another. Once your tongue gets largely swollen, it will push against the teeth. Then, you get scalloped edges from it. Amyloidosis is what especially characterizes scalloped tongue issue. So, you might often find it in most cases of the issue.

  1. Hypothyroidism

More than one disorder can be the cause of scalloped tongue. One of the most common kinds would be hypothyroidism. This is thyroid disorder where the levels of its hormone become lower. When you are low of it, you will begin getting swelling and scalloped edges on your tongue.

Not to mention, there are other discomforts that might come along with it. They include hair loss, tiredness, aches, cramps, bruising, and even low blood pressure. With such kind of discomforts, it should be easy to inspect this disorder yourself.

What the Symptoms of Scalloped Tongue Are


Now that you know the possible causes of this issue, let’s make it clear just what its symptoms are. We will point them out here too in this discussion of scalloped tongue causes, symptoms, and treatment. That way, you can pretty much diagnose yourself whether or not you are really suffering from scalloped tongue.

Actually, the symptoms appearing due to scalloped tongue health issue are easy to spot. They are pretty much recognizable after all. You should be able to notice them right away. Let’s just get down to it here below then.

1. The Tongue Sides Enlarged or Swollen

Whether it is through the sight or the touch, scalloped tongue is health issue where the tongue sides become enlarged or swollen. Basically, they won’t look or feel the same as they are normally. If you want us to be more specific, the tongue will be groove like and have fissures along the sides.

You should be able to tell the difference right away. When your tongue sides become like that, you can be self-aware that you might just get that scalloped tongue issue. So, treat it to get it back to normal.

2. The Tongue Becomes More Sensitive

If you touch your tongue, you sure can notice how uneven the tongue surface has become. While you can be sure to tell something is wrong by the feel of your fingers touching the affected area, your tongue itself might find it uncomfortable while you do so. It is rare for scalloped tongue to be painful when touched.

However, if it is about how the tongue feels, we can say for sure that it will be more sensitive to the touch. Rather than being hurt or painful, it just feels more like uncomfortable.

3. The Redness Appearing on the Tongue

If by sight you can see that your tongue looks wavy in its form, how about the look then? It is not always the case, but let us tell you this here in the discussion of all about scalloped tongue and the symptoms. There might just be some redness on the tongue if you are really suffering from this health issue.

The redness can appear due to the pressure or friction on the tongue edges. It is not the same redness as the tongue’s papilla. So, you should have been able to see the difference too.

4. The Issue Comes with Other Symptoms

Just because it is the tongue that has the problem, it does not mean that the symptoms would be all around the tongue only. You see, even scalloped tongue issue can bring other symptoms along with it as well. Those symptoms include all sorts of things, like sore throat, tongue pain, swollen tongue, halitosis, and many more.

Even though they are not necessarily caused by scalloped tongue problem, they can be additional signs to consider. If they all appear, you really are suffering from it.

There you go. Aren’t they really simple to recognize for the symptoms of scalloped tongue? Well, this tongue issue is not serious problem to begin with. So, finding it out would not be a difficult thing to do. While you might notice it yourself, you can ask doctor just to be sure.

If it really is the scalloped tongue, you can get suggestions on what you should do to treat it. See? Learning scalloped tongue causes, symptoms, and treatment like this can make you aware of your own health better.

What to Do to Deal with the Scalloped Tongue


By now, you should have learnt much about the scalloped tongue itself along with its causes and symptoms. Next, don’t you want to know how to deal with it? Treating the causes can help you treat the issue itself, you see. So, give us the chance to tell you what to do for each of those causes we have discussed above.

Basically, it is a simple health issue. For simple causes, there are only home remedies to do. However, you will still need to do more serious treatment for more serious causes.

1. Drinking Plenty of Water Every Day

As it was discussed before, dehydration is one of the simple causes of scalloped tongue. As you might have known too, the only solution to this would be to drink plenty of water all day and every day. To begin with, this is what we have always been recommended to do regardless of whether or not we are suffering from any health issue.

Since it is easy to do, there is no more excuse to ignore it. If you want the swelling or inflammation on the tongue to be gone, you need to drink much water.

2. Anti-Anxiety Medication and Therapy

As for the stress or anxiety, it actually depends on how bad it really is in you. Normally, stress or anxiety can be relieved by relaxing yourself or do some yoga exercises to calm your mind. However, if something like that just won’t do in your case, it is recommended for you to take anti-anxiety medication and therapy.

They should be able to ease your stress and eliminate the underlying issues. That way, you will be able to take care of the scalloped tongue health issue quickly and easily too.

3. Chemotherapy and Stem Cell Transplant

We are going for the treatment for the more serious cause here. While you can deal with scalloped tongue with simply drinking water or medications, it won’t be the case with causes, like amyloidosis. This cause can’t be cured with any treatment.

However, we can still reduce the symptoms by doing chemotherapy and a stem cell transplant. It does sound serious, indeed. However, you should consider it if amyloidosis is the cause in your case.

4. Prescription Medications for Restoration

The last but not the least treatment in this discussion of scalloped tongue causes, symptoms, and treatment we have here is meant to deal with causes, like hypothyroidism. Fortunately, this problem can be taken care of by taking prescription medications.

At least, they are the first to be suggested for hypothyroidism. By taking the right medications, you can restore your hormone levels back to healthy state and eventually reduce the issue here.

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